Do you know the types of headache?
What’s the difference between a migraine, a tension headache and a cluster headache?
There are dozens of different types of headaches, but according to the NHS, the most common is a ‘tension’ headache, which affects the whole of the head with a dull, tight pain associated with stress, dehydration and muscle tension. Migraines are more intense and less common, striking one side of the head at a time and causing intense throbbing.
They are thought to be linked to changes in nerve activity and blood-flow inside the brain. Hormonal changes can also cause headaches, and allergies and infections can cause pressure-related headaches due to congestion in the sinuses. Rarely, a headache can be caused by something more serious. If the pain is sudden and intense, or is accompanied by a fever, rash, or changes in speech, memory or mobility, it’s important to contact a doctor. Such headaches could be sign of a stroke or brain tumor.
Sinus headaches most often accompany an infection, and are linked to increased pressure either side of the nose and above the eyes due to mucus blockage.
Tension headaches tend to affect both sides of the head, and consist of a tight feeling. They are thought to be related to stress, muscle strain and dehydration.
Characterized by intense, throbbing pain on one side of the head, migraines can affect people’s vision or make them feel sick or sensitive to noises and lights.
Cluster headaches affect one eye, and are associated with severe pain, nasal congestion and tear production. This type of headache tends to recur several times.
How to cure head aches
Massage your neck and temples. Rubbing your neck and temples can improve blood flow and soothe tension headaches.
Warm up your neck Try putting a heating pad or a warm cloth around your neck and the base of your skull to ease tension headaches. If that doesn’t help, you can apply an ice pack instead to see if that brings you headache relief.
Relax. Meditate, breathe deeply, and try to visualize a peaceful image. “Various relaxation techniques can significantly help patients who suffer from ‘muscle contraction’ headaches,”
Minimize stress. If you have a bad headache, try to step away from stress, literally. Avoid noisy environments, leave work a little early if you can, or ask your partner to take care of chores or the kids.
Watch what you eat and drink. What you put into your body can have a big impact on your headaches. Limiting caffeine and alcohol and avoiding cigarettes. He also says regular meals are important, especially for people who get headaches from low blood sugar. “Do not skip meals, particularly breakfast,”